The Pallavas of Kanchipuram (9th century AD) ,Cholas of Tanjore (10 century) , Pandyas
of mathura and Vijayanagara pradhans (14th & 15th centuries) were committed devotees
of Lord Venkateswara. The statues of Sri Krishna Devaraya and his spouse stand in
the premises of the temple. After the decline of Vijayanagara Empire, kings from
various states like the king of Mysore and Gadwal, worshiped the lord as pilgrims
and gifted various ornaments and valuables to the temple. Raghoji Bhonsle, the Maharastrian
commander visited the temple and made a permanent arrangement regarding the regular
pujas to be done to the Lord.
In 1843 the temple gave up administrative authority of Venkateswara Temple along
with the temples in the village to the head of Hatthimji monastery in Tirumala.
Till 1933 the administration of the temple had been wielded by the head of that
monastery, Hathiram Mahantha.
In 1933 the Madras government appointed a Commission to Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam
through a special statutory authority to run the administration of the temple. In
1951 another Hindu Religious and endowment Act was made which felicitated the appointment
of an executive officer and Board of trustees and they run the administration. The
executive officers of this institution in the South have been maintaining administration.
Epic Importance of Tirumala Hills
The venkatam hill is believed to be a part of the celestial mount meru brought to
the earth from vaikuntam by garuda (Lord's vehicle),say the puranas.The Hills are
said to be a manifestation of Adi Sesha (the cosmic serpent).The Seven hills of
the Tirumala are the said to represent the Seven hoods of Adi Sesha.
Many Alvars , Vaishnavacharyas and Saints have praised the Tirumala Hill with great
devotion. Tirumala Mambi, a descendent of the great ascetic Narada, spent his whole
life in serving the Lord.
References to the tirumala also found in several of Puranas. Tirumala is one of
the 108 sacred shrines of the Sri Vaishanava tradition.According to the Puranas,
Lord Vishnu stayed on the earth for some time in the Avatar of Swetha Varaham and
rose out of pushkarini as Swayambhuva. His spouse Lakshmi Devi appeared in Thirucharnur.
This Swwtha Varaha Avatharam was installed in the temple situated to the west of
Swamy Pushkarni. The great religious leader Ramanujacharya visited this shrine on
a pilgrimage and systematised the process of worship in accordance with the SriVaishnava
that continues to date.
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